List of useful and frequently used DOS Commands

List of useful and frequently used DOS Commands

When Windows doesn’t load, after a system crash, then only option you have is a Dos command prompt. Here I will provide you the list of DOS commands that are very useful when repairing Windows.

Use the “help” command to find the usage and details of any particular command e.g. C:\>help copy

Dos Commands
Dos Commands

Start From C –

  • CHDIR – Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

  • CHKDSK – Checks a disk and displays a status report.

  • CLS – Clears the screen.

  • COMP – Compares two groups of files to find information that does not match.

  • COPY – Copies and appends files.

Start From D –

  • DATE – Displays and/or sets the system date.

  • DEFRAG – Optimizes disk performance by reorganizing the files on the disk.

  • DEL – Deletes files from disk.

  • DELTREE – Deletes a directory including all files and subdirectories that are in it.

  • DIR – Displays directory of files and directories stored on disk.

  • DISKCOMP – Compares the contents of two diskettes.

Start From E –

  • ECHO – Displays messages or turns on or off the display of commands in a batch file.

  • EDIT – Starts the MS-DOS editor, a text editor used to create and edit ASCII text files.

  • EXIT – Exits a secondary command processor.

  • EXPAND – Expands a compressed file.

Start From F –

  • FASTHELP – Displays a list of DOS commands with a brief explanation of each.

  • FIND – Finds and reports the location of a specific string of text characters in one or more files.

  • FOR – Performs repeated execution of commands (for both batch processing and interactive processing).

  • FORMAT – Formats a disk to accept DOS files.

Start From G –

  • GRAPHICS – Provides a way to print contents of a graphics screen display.


Start From I –

  • IF – Allows for conditional operations in batch processing.

Start From L –

  • LABEL – Creates or changes or deletes a volume label for a disk.

Start From M –

  • MEM – Displays amount of installed and available memory, including extended, expanded, and upper memory.

  • MKDIR – Creates a new subdirectory.

  • MORE – Sends output to console, one screen at a time.

  • MOVE – Moves one or more files to the location you specify. Can also be used to rename directories.

Start From P –

  • PATH – Sets or displays directories that will be searched for programs not in the current directory.

Start From R –

  • RENAME – Changes the filename under which a file is stored.

  • RMDIR – Removes a subdirectory.

Start From S –

  • SORT – Sorts input and sends it to the screen or to a file.

Start From X –

  • XCOPY – Copies directories, subdirectories, and files.

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