What You Need to Set Up a Home Network? Home Network Set Up Requirements

What You Need to Set Up a Home Network? Home Network Set Up Requirements

Diversity of options for home networking can make decisions difficult. Before deciding which hardware to receive, you should decide which type of network technology (computers in the network connect or communicate with each other) to use.

This article describes and compares the most common network technologies and lists the hardware requirements for each.

Network Technologies

The most common types of network technology are wireless, ethernet, homepanna and powerlines. When choosing network technology, consider the location of your computer and the desired speed of your network.

The cost of these technologies is the same. The sections below compare these four technologies.

Wired

Wireless networks use radio waves to send information between computers.

The three most common wireless network standards are 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11a.

A new standard, 802.11n, is expected to grow in popularity.

Speed ​​• 802.11b: transfers data over a maximum rate of 11 megabits per second (Mbps).

Under optimal conditions, downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the internet takes about 7 seconds.

  • 802.11g: transfers data at a maximum rate of 54 Mbps. Under optimal conditions, downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the internet takes about 1.5 seconds.

  • 802.11A: transfers data at a maximum rate of 54 Mbps. Under optimal conditions, downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the internet takes about 1.5 seconds.

  • 802.11n: Based on the number of data streams of hardware support, 802.11n can theoretically transmit data up to 150 Mbps, 300 Mbps, 450 Mbps, or 600 Mbps.

Pay Attention

The listed transfer times are under ideal conditions. Due to differences in hardware, web server, network traffic conditions, etc., they are not required in normal circumstances.

Professionals

  • It is easy to move the computer around because there is no cable.

  • Wireless networks generally are easier to install than Ethernet.

Opposition Wireless is often slow down compared to other three technologies.

  • Interference with things like walls, large metal objects, and pipes may affect the wireless. In addition, many cordless phones and microwave ovens can interfere with wireless networks when they are in use.

  • Wireless networks are usually half-fast as their rated speed under almost ideal conditions.

Ethernet

Ethernet networks use Ethernet cables to send information between computers.

Speed ​​Ethernet transfers data up to 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps depending on the type of cable used. Gigabit Ethernet is the fastest with a transfer rate of 1 Gigabit (or 1000 Mbps) per second.

For example, downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the Internet, under optimal conditions, can take about 8 seconds on a 10 Mbps network, approximately 1 second on the 100 Mbps network and less than one second of 1000 MBps network can take less than a second is.

Professionals

  • Ethernet networks are cheap and fast.

Opposition Ethernet cables should be run between each computer and a hub, switch, or router, which can be time consuming and difficult when the computer is in different rooms.

HomePNA

To send information between computers, the HomePNA network uses existing home telephone wires.

Speed ​​transfers HomePNA 2.0 data up to 10 Mbps. HomePNA transfers data up to 128 128 Mbps.

For example, downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the internet, under optimal conditions, can take approximately 8 seconds on the HomePNA 2.0 network and about 1 second on the HomePNA 3.0 network.

Professional

• HomePNA uses existing telephone wires in your home.

You do not need a hub or switch to connect more than two computers to a HomePNA network.

Opposition

• You need a phone jack in each room where you want to keep the computer, and all the jacks should be on the same phone line.

Power Line

Powerline networks use existing domestic electrical wires to send information between computers.

Speed ​​A Powerline Network can transfer data up to 200 Mbps.

For example, by downloading 10 megabytes (MB) of photos from the internet under optimal conditions, powerlines can take less than a second on the network.

Professional

  • Powerline uses existing electrical wires in your home.

  • You do not need a hub or switch to connect more than two computers to a power line network.

Opposition

  • You need an electrical outlet in each room where you want to keep the computer.

  • Powerline networks can be affected by the interference and “noise” on the line.

Hardware Requirements

Many types of hardware are used in the home network:

  • Network adapters. These adapters (also known as network interface cards, or NICs) connect computers to networks so they can communicate. A network adapter can be connected to the USB or Ethernet port on your computer or the available computer can be installed inside your computer in the peripheral interconnect (PCI) expansion slot.

  • Network hub and switch. Hub and switch connect two or more computers to the Ethernet hub

  • Router and Access Points. Router connects computers and networks (for example, the router can connect your home network to the Internet). The router also enables you to share an internet connection between many computers. Router can be wired or wireless. You do not have to use the router for the wired network, but if you want to share an internet connection, then we recommend it. If you want to share an internet connection on a wireless network, you will need a wireless router. Access Point allows computers and devices to connect to wireless networks.

Access Point (left); Wired router (center); Wireless router (right)

  • Modem. Computers use modems to send and receive information on telephone or cable lines. If you want to connect to the internet you will need a modem. Some cable providers supply cable modems-either for free or for purchase-when you order cable internet service. Modem-end-router combination tools are also available.

Cable Modem 

Modem-Home Network Set Up Requirements
Modem-Home Network Set Up Requirements
  • Network Cables (Ethernet, HomePNA, and Powerline). Network Cables connect computers to each other and other related hardware, such as hub, router, and external network adapters. HomePNA and Powerline adapters are often external and are connected to computers with Ethernet cables or USB cables depending on the type of adapter.

This table shows the hardware that you need for each type of network technology.

How many technology hardware?

Wireless wireless network adapters on your network for each computer (laptops are almost always built in these)

Wireless Access Point or Router (Recommended) Forest

Ethernet Ethernet network adapters on your network for each computer (desktop computers almost always make them).

Ethernet hub or switch (only if you want to connect more than two computers, but do not want to share internet connection) One (a 10/100/1000 center or switch is the best and to accommodate all the computers on your network Must have enough port for).

Ethernet router (only if you want to connect more than two computers and want to share an internet connection) One (You may need an additional hub or switch if your router does not have enough port for all your computers Are).

Ethernet cables for each computer connected to a network hub or switch (10/100/1000 cat 6 cables are the best, but not required).

Parsi cable (only necessary if you want to connect two computers directly to each other and do not use hubs, switches or router).

HomePNA Home Phoneline Network Adapter (HOMEPNA) for each computer on your network

Ethernet Router One, if you want to share an internet connection

Telephone Cables for each computer on your network One (use a standard telephone cable to plug each computer into the phone jack)

Powerline Powerline Network Adapters For Each Computer On Your Network

Ethernet Router One, if you want to share an internet connection

Electrical wires in the house, an electrical outlet for each computer on your network

It is a good idea to find out what type of network adapters your computer has, if any.

You can decide to go with a certain technique because you already have the majority of the hardware, or you can decide to upgrade your hardware.

A combination of technologies can work best for your environment.

For example, many people use a wireless router, which adjusts both wired ethernet connections for both desktop computers and wireless connections for laptops.

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